Nowadays many people like to keep pets, hamsters are loved by many people for their cute appearance. More and more people like to feed them, but new breeders, have to know these precautions.
Most of the Staple Food is Grains
Diet is one of the main factors affecting the health of hamsters. A correct diet can lay a good foundation for the hamster's body, while a wrong diet will cause hamster discomfort. It will result in diarrhea, etc.
This will inevitably have a certain impact on the hamster's body. Bacteria are more likely to invade their body, so feed hamsters beneficial and harmless food, and those that affect the food must not be fed to the hamster.
1. Staple food: The staple food of hamsters is mostly grains, which are indispensable foods in daily life, such as millet, corn flakes, pockmarks, millet, and so on. Like we eat rice every day, these foods are relatively basic foods for hamsters.
2. Non-staple food: The non-staple food of hamsters is generally fresh vegetables and fruits, which can be properly fed in daily life. The hamster can add some water from it, adjust the taste, and take in more plant fiber. However, some fruits with too much water should not be fed.
3. Snacks: Most of the snacks for hamsters are sesame, melon seeds, peanuts, and other nuts with high oil content. However, this type of food can be fed occasionally, and it should not be too much, otherwise, it is easy to cause adverse reactions such as hamster slippery intestines.
4. Nutritional products: Nutritional products for hamsters are generally tonics with high protein content, such as noodles, milk slices, boiled protein, boiled chicken/beef, cheese, dried fish and dried shrimps, etc. Hamsters should not eat more of this kind of food. They can eat more under certain circumstances. Generally, female mice need a lot of tonic after giving birth.
If someone wants to mix their own food, it is recommended to mix 70% of the staple food, 20% of the non-staple food, and 10% of the snacks. As for the hamster food sold on the market, the staple food, non-staple food, and snacks are generally blended or pressed into synthetic food in a certain proportion, which can basically meet the daily eating needs of hamsters and the balanced absorption of various nutrients. However, different brands of rat food also have their own focus. You can buy the brand rat food and then mix it with some self-made food.
1. Chocolate, coffee
Chocolate contains theobromine, which is poisonous to rats, as is coffee, and may cause heart paralysis. The snacks that ordinary people eat are not very suitable for feeding hamsters, first of all, because the taste is heavy for hamsters, and many ingredients are not good for the health of hamsters.
Foods with too much sugar are not suitable for feeding hamsters, and even some sweet fruits are not very suitable for feeding hamsters. Fruits such as plums, apricots, peaches, pipa, and apple seeds may cause gastrointestinal problems, cardiac paralysis, and difficulty breathing in mice. Pears are high in sugar, which can cause flatulence.
Alliums will destroy the red blood cells of mice, so all green garlic, shallots, onions, shallots, etc. This food is not allowed to eat whether they are raw or cooked, and pungent ginger, celery, leeks, garlic, peppers, spices, etc. Tomatoes should be removed from stems and leaves, and stems and leaves of rhizomes such as potatoes and radishes should also be removed before feeding.
It can be seen that there is more knowledge about the diet than we imagined. A careless diet may endanger the health of hamsters. Therefore, you must know how to control yourself in peacetime, and you can't feed the hamsters with anything delicious.
Although hamsters are omnivorous animals, there are still things they cannot eat. Spicy (irritating) foods cannot be eaten. Peaches, plums, apples, and other kernels cannot be eaten. The mouse said that it is too oily and salty, which is very harmful to health, especially in meat dishes or other oily snacks that should not be eaten by the mouse. Also, you also need know ten taboos about hamster feeding.
Four Types of Food that Never Let Hamsters Eat
Although hamsters are omnivorous animals, there are still things they cannot eat.
1. Spicy Foods:
Such as peppers, green peppers, onions, garlic, ginger, leeks, etc.
2. Peach, Plum, Apple and Other Kernels:
It is said to cause the rat's heart rate to increase, which may lead to symptoms such as shock. The detailed reason is not very clear, but it is better to believe it and be careful.
3. What People Eat:
Foods eaten by humans are too oily and salty for mice, which is very harmful to health. Especially meat dishes or other oily snacks should not be eaten by mice.
Many mouse controllers know that hamsters can't drink milk, and drinking it will easily lead to soft stools and loose stools. But why can't you drink it, and why is it easy to have loose stools and diarrhea? In fact, this is related to what we usually call "lactose intolerance".
What is Lactose Intolerance?
Once hamster pups have been weaned around day 21, the level of lactase synthesis in the body drops to 10% of pre-weaning levels. Diarrhea in hamsters is caused by ingesting more lactose in milk than can be digested, which is often referred to as "lactose intolerance".
Most people with lactose intolerance are unable to digest the lactose in milk, and other milk sources such as goat milk are less likely to have this symptom.
Why Is It Easy To Have Diarrhea?
Milk is not recommended for hamsters or other pets. Almost all pets are lactose intolerant once weaned. This is because once weaned, animals cannot synthesize enough of the enzyme lactase, an enzyme necessary for the digestion of lactose in the small intestine.
Lactose in milk is one of the natural sugars, and this lactose can cause hamsters to pull soft yellow and green stools, and in severe cases, direct diarrhea.